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Immunization for Adolescents

What is vaccination in adolescents for?

Thanks to the international vaccination program, dangerous diseases such as measles, diphtheria and hepatitis A, B and many others, are practically not diagnosed worldwide. But these disorders can reappear especially in adolescents. That is why it is important to protect them. My Canadian Pharmacy recommends doing vaccinations in the recommended periods of time.

How does vaccination work?

Vaccines contain a small dose of bacteria or virus that causes the disease, or a very small amount of chemical compounds produced by bacteria. Vaccine action is to stimulate the human immune system to produce antibodies. These are substances that fight infections and diseases. Therefore, upon contact with an infection, the antibodies recognize it and will protect you.

Types of Vaccinations

Diphtheria is an acute, life-threatening infectious disease. The risk zone is children aged 3–7 years. In recent years, the incidence of adolescents and adults has increased considerably. It occurs in the form of acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, mainly the pharynx (approximately 90% of cases), the nose, the skin where it is damaged, the eyes or the genital organs. The main threat, however, is not inflammation, but poisoning by a toxin, which is produced by the bacterium – the causative agent of the disease. It affects cardiovascular and nervous systems are mainly affected.

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Hepatitis A is a hepatic disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. The virus mainly appears in the body when an uninfected (or unvaccinated) person consumes food or water contaminated with feces of an infected person. The disease is closely related to the lack of pure water or food, inadequate sanitation and poor personal hygiene.

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Hepatitis B is a potentially life-threatening hepatic infection caused by the virus of hepatitis B. It is a serious global public health problem. It can cause chronic infection and put people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and hepatic cancer.

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Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common viral infection of the genital tract. HPV is a group of viruses that is extremely widespread throughout the world. There are over 190 types of this virus, at least 13 of which lead to the development of cancer. The human papillomavirus is transmitted mainly through sexual contact, and most people become infected with it shortly after they begin to have sex. Two types of HPV (16 and 18) cause 70% of all cases of cervical cancer and precancerous pathological conditions of the cervical mucus.

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Influenza (also called “the flu”) is a serious infectious disease affecting people of any age and gender. According to statistics, every year millions of people around the world die from flu and its complications. Thus, the flu represents a serious danger to life and health. Therefore, it is very important to know what the main symptoms of the flu look like.

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Measles an acute viral disease of an infectious nature. The causative agent is the measles virus. This disease affects the human central nervous system.

Meningitis it is an inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord, followed by a change in the composition of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

Mumps is an acute viral disease that is caused by a paramyxovirus. The source of infection in this disease is only a sick person. It becomes contagious even 1–2 days before the first signs of mumps appear and the first 5 days of the disease. Transmission of the virus occurs airborne, although a household infection route (through contaminated objects) is not excluded.

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Pertussis is one of the common causes of cough in children and adults. A typical manifestation of this disorder is a paroxysmal cough with a characteristic breath sound. In babies of the first months of life, whooping cough can occur with respiratory arrest, which is very dangerous.

Rubella is an acute, contagious viral infection. Rubella virus usually causes a slight fever and a rash, then a woman’s infection during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, can lead to miscarriage, fetal death, stillbirth or congenital malformations in an infant, known as congenital rubella syndrome. Rubella virus is transmitted airborne when an infected person is sneezing or coughing.

Tetanus is an acute infectious disease caused by the spores of the bacteria known as Clostridium tetani. These spores are found everywhere in the environment, especially in the soil, ashes, intestines/feces of animals and humans, and on the surface of the skin, nails, needles and others. Due to the high resistance of the spores to high temperatures and most antiseptics, they can live for years.

Varicella today remains one of the most common infectious diseases affecting children aged 6 months to 10 years. Adults also suffer from chickenpox, but less often and more severely.

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